The above-ground section of the building is primarily created by the walls. Considering their surface, not solely their thickness is of great importance – support for the roof construction, but also insulating properties – protection against changing weather circumstances and large heat losses.
This last feature is very significant in our climate conditions.
A relevant duty in which architects must succeed is the selection of an excellent technical project for the external wall insulation. In numerous cases, economic short-sightedness triumphs and the decision is made to apply single-layer wall technique without warming layer. In the multiple-layer wall functions are divided among two or even more materials.
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One has solely (or mainly) structural purpose, the second has a simply insulating purpose, and perhaps also another material of protective and ornamental function. Therefore, thermic insulation depends mainly on the depth of the insulating material layer. Smaller or greater thickness of this layer does not modify the structure of the surface (of the other layers) or the expense for its construction. The change in thermal insulation properties interests solely the cost of insulation and affects the price of the entire wall to a small degree.
Veryfing the most economically efficient diameter of the thermal insulation layer in accordance with the criterion of the shortest reimbursement period or the lowest costs of the long-term use cycle should be the starting point for the financier to reach an accord on the choice of wall structure and thickness of the thermic insulating material.